## Reduce: ^{16}/_{3}

## Detailed calculations below:

### Introduction. Fractions

#### A fraction consists of two numbers and a fraction bar: ^{16}/_{3}

#### The number above the bar is the numerator: 16

#### The number below the bar is the denominator: 3

#### The fraction bar means that the two numbers are dividing themselves:

^{16}/_{3} = 16 ÷ 3

#### Divide the numerator by the denominator to get fraction's value:

Value = 16 ÷ 3

### Introduction. Percent

#### 'Percent (%)' means 'out of one hundred':

#### p% = p 'out of one hundred',

#### p% = ^{p}/_{100} = p ÷ 100

### Note:

#### The fraction ^{100}/_{100} = 100 ÷ 100 = 100% = 1

#### Multiply a number by the fraction ^{100}/_{100},

... and its value doesn't change.

## To reduce a fraction, divide both its numerator and denominator by their greatest common factor, GCF.

#### To calculate the greatest common factor, we build the prime factorization of the two numbers.

### Integer numbers prime factorization:

#### Prime Factorization of a number: finding the prime numbers that multiply together to make that number.

#### 16 = 2^{4};

16 is not a prime, is a composite number;

#### 3 is a prime number, it cannot be broken down to other prime factors;

** Positive integers that are only dividing by themselves and 1 are called prime numbers. A prime number has only two factors: 1 and itself. *

* A composite number is a positive integer that has at least one factor (divisor) other than 1 and itself.

### Calculate the greatest (highest) common factor (divisor), gcf, hcf, gcd:

#### Multiply all the common prime factors, by the lowest exponents (if any).

#### But the two numbers have no common prime factors.

#### gcf, hcf, gcd (16; 3) = 1

coprime numbers (relatively prime)

## Fraction's numerator and denominator are coprime numbers (no common prime factors). Fraction cannot be reduced (simplified) - irreducible.

^{16}/_{3} is an improper fraction.

#### An improper fraction: numerator larger than denominator.

## Rewrite the fraction:

### As a mixed number (mixed fraction):

#### A mixed number (mixed fraction): a whole number and a proper fraction, of the same sign.

#### A proper fraction: numerator smaller than denominator.

#### 16 ÷ 3 = 5 and remainder = 1 =>

#### 16 = 5 × 3 + 1 =>

^{16}/_{3} =

^{(5 × 3 + 1)} / _{3} =

^{(5 × 3)} / _{3} + ^{1} / _{3} =

#### 5 + ^{1}/_{3} =

#### 5 ^{1}/_{3}

### As a decimal number:

#### 5 ^{1}/_{3} =

#### 5 + ^{1}/_{3} =

#### 5 + 1 ÷ 3 ≈

#### 5.333333333333 ≈

#### 5.33

### As a percentage:

#### 5.333333333333 =

#### 5.333333333333 × ^{100}/_{100} =

#### ^{533.333333333333}/_{100} =

#### 533.333333333333% ≈

#### 533.33%

#### In other words:

#### 1) Calculate fraction's value.

#### 2) Multiply that number by 100.

#### 3) Add the percent sign % to it.

## Final answer

continued below...

## Final answer:

:: written in four ways ::

## As an improper fraction

(numerator larger than denominator):

^{16}/_{3} = ^{16}/_{3}

## As a mixed number (mixed fraction)

(a whole number and a proper fraction, of the same sign):

^{16}/_{3} = 5 ^{1}/_{3}

## As a decimal number:

^{16}/_{3} ≈ 5.333333333333 ≈ 5.33

## As a percentage:

^{16}/_{3} ≈ 533.33%

## More operations of this kind:

## Online calculator: reduce (simplify) fractions